Lachlan McIntosh papers, 1742-1799

McIntosh, Lachlan, 1727-1806


10 folders (.35 cubic feet).
This collection contains papers largely concerned with Lachlan McIntosh's military career in the American Revolution, his efforts to clear his name of false charges brought about by political intrigue, and his attempts to collect the money owed him by the United States for his services. Included is a manuscript map, "Colo. Pannills Plan of the Upper Country," undated. Not included in the published papers are the following: "A list of Carolina Grants South of the Altamaha," 1763; McIntosh to Henry Laurens, Dec. 12, 1767; Rules and regulations for the government of the Cincinnati [ca. 1784]; McIntosh to Thomas Washington, Oct. 20, 1787.
Lachlan McIntosh (1727-1806) was born in Scotland, the son of John Mohr and Marjory (Fraser) McIntosh. He and his family came to Savannah in 1736 with Oglethorpe and settled in Darien, Georgia. In 1748, he moved to Charleston, SC, where he worked as a clerk in a counting house and lived with Henry Laurens. He later became a successful planted on the Altamaha River. At the outbreak of the American Revolution, he was appointed Colonel of the 1st Regiment, Georgia line, and was soon promoted to Brigadier-General in the Continental Army. McIntosh dueled with Button Gwinnett in 1777, fatally wounding his opponent. He served for a short while in the Western Department, and he returned to Georgia to lead the unsuccessful attempt to recapture Savannah. He was taken prisoner at the fall of Charleston and, after his exchange, he served until the end of the war, attaining the rank of Major-General. He returned to Georgia and resumed planting. McIntosh married Sarah Threadcraft; together, they had eight children: John, Lachlan Jr., William (who married a Mrs. Tate), George, Henry Laurens, Hester (who married 1. John Peter Ward and 2. Dr. Nicholas Byard), and Catherine (who married Charles Harris). Both William and Lachlan, Jr., served in the Revolutionary War (John was in the Bahamas at the time). McIntosh became a member of the Society of the Cincinnati in 1784; the same year, he was elected to Congress.
Collection is open for research.
[Item identification], Lachlan McIntosh papers, MS 526, Georgia Historical Society, Savannah, Georgia.
The New York Historical Society, The Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Duke University, William L. Clements Library, Draper Collection at the University of Michigan, National Archives, Library of Congress, Wisconsin Historical Society.
Copyright has not been assigned to the Georgia Historical Society. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Division of Library and Archives. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the Georgia Historical Society as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.
Joseph Vallence Bevan papers, MS 71.
Archibald Campbell letter, MS 1581.
Colonial Dames of America, Georgia Society Historical collection, MS 965.
Marmaduke Hamilton and Dolores Boisfeuillet Floyd papers, MS 1308.
Button Gwinnett papers, MS 336.
Benjamin Hawkins papers, MS 373.
Northen Family papers, MS 1298.
Edwin Parsons collection, MS 608.
Telfair Family papers, MS 793.
Wayne-Stites-Anderson papers, MS 846.
Collection materials are in English.
Finding aid is available in repository.
All but four papers published in The Georgia Historical Quarterly, v.38-40 (June 1954-June 4, 1956) and reprinted as Collections of the Georgia Historical Society: The Papers of Lachlan McIntosh, 1774-1779, v.12 (1957).

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