Collectoriae, 1274-1447

Catholic Church Camera Apostolica


24 linear m..
504 numbered volumes, in no consistent sequence, though the volumes are often identified with particular collectoriae. These were fiscal regions, each the responsibility of one collector or fiscal nuncio, and might be smaller than an ecclesiastical province (e.g., Bourges and Limoges) or as large as several kingdoms (e.g., Poland and Hungary). The Fondo camerale comprises this series, Introitus et exitus, and Obligationes et solutiones.
MacFarlane and Boyle emphasize the importance of this series, which consists mainly of the reports and accounts submitted to the Camera by the collectors appointed throughout western Christendom to gather various taxes and other debts claimed by the pope. Those taxes included the census, an annual tribute from exempt monasteries; annates, the assessed income of minor benefices for the first year of their tenure, when this was reserved to the pope; tenths, an income tax on benefices levied for particular purposes such as a Crusade; other emergency subsidies, for example, the thirtieths and subsidia caritativa; spoils, the money, movables and debts receivable belonging to deceased clerics, if these were reserved by the pope; the reserved income of vacant benefices; Peter's Pence. The collectors were commissioned with great executive and judicial powers, including excommunication and summary justice; their reports consequently give a valuable insight into the economic and social condition of their collectories. Their cash accounts, scrupulously drafted and audited in the Camera, reveal the ongoing business of papal finance.
Various records kept in the Camera itself were bound and stored with Collectoriae reports and became part of this series, for example some registers of letters of the camerarii and some dossiers of papal letters bearing on the functions of the Camera. A very large number of unbound documents that once accompanied Collectoriae material are now found in Instrumenta miscellanea.
Both this series and the Introitus et exitus include information on the administration of the papal states, instructions to local fiscal officials within them, and other valuable local information, and are thus a rich source for the social history of central Italy during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries.
This record was created by the University of Michigan Vatican Archives Project which ended in 1992. The collection described in this record may have been further processed by Vatican Archives staff so that the information may no longer be current. Consult the Vatican Archives staff for current access information. The final report of the University of Michigan Vatican Archives Project is found in: Vatican archives : an inventory guide to historical documents of the Holy See / Francis X. Blouin, Jr., general editor. New York : Oxford University Press, 1998.
Fink p. 50-51.
Boyle p. 43 and p. 165-168.
MacFarlane p. 41.
Camera Apostolica. Collectoriae.
Are available on microfilm.
ASV Indice 1036, part II, provides an individual volume listing to the series and a list of volumes in the Cancelleria Apostolica series Registra Avenionensia that include material astray from it. Entries include: volume number, inclusive dates, the exact spine title or a titular contents summary often with the type of transaction and geographic area. It is, however, difficult to distinguish an exact title from the summary. Some entries also include very brief annotations. Entries identify the participant and the business correctly but can sometimes be slightly misleading regarding their exact relationship. At the end of Indice 1036 there is an index to persons, churches, and dioceses. An important note on the reliability of the index appears on page 233. The index, though not complete, can be of assistance in locating geographic areas.
DeLoye, Joseph. Les Archives de la Chambre Apostolique au XIV siecle (Paris: Libraire des Ecoles Francaises d'Athenes et de Rome, 1899). deLoye provides a more analytic index to all the volumes in this series. Entries include: old and new volume numbers, inclusive dates, exact title on the spine or a titular summary of material in the volume (although the exact title is not signaled in any way), and occasionally an excerpted example of the type of entry in a register. This book has a good introduction and appendices which index the series by materials (Papal administration : manualia, inventaria thesauri, Avignon papacy) and geography (Provincial administration and Collectors). There are also two tables in the back to cameral letters and to the old and new ennumeration of the Collectoriae.
ASV Indice 124, "Primo Sbozzo di Inventario di tutti i libri che sono nell'Archivio Segreto Vaticano," by Giovanni Bissaiga (1672), provides more descriptive and accurate volume titles for select volumes of some series. A few Collectoriae volumes are listed on folio 231v.
ASV Indice 124, "Primo Sbozzo di Inventario di tutti i libri che sono nell'Archivio Segreto Vaticano" by Giovanni Bissaiga in 1672 provides more descriptive and accurate volume titles for select volumes of some series. A few Collectoriae volumes are listed on folio 231v.
Forms part of Catholic Church. Camera Apostolica. Fondo camerale.

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